What is Integration Testing

Integration testing tests interfaces between components to different parts of a system such as an operating system, file system, and hardware.

  • It starts at module level when various modules are integrated with each other to form a system.
  • This Integration testing tests interfaces between the modules.
  • It is becoming easier if unit testing is complete and interfaces between modules are well defined.
  • It is done between two similar units of two different modules of the same system.

Level of Testing


Approach :

Integration Testing Approach

  • Big Bang is an approach to this testing where all or most of the units are combined together and tested at one go. Big Bang approach is taken when the testing team receives the entire software in a bundle.

Big Bang

  • Top Down is an approach to this testing where top level units are tested first and lower level units are tested step by step after that. Top Down approach is taken when top down development approach is followed. Test Stubs are needed to simulate lower level units which may not be available during the initial phases.

Top_down_integration

  • Bottom Up is an approach to this testing where bottom level units are tested first and upper-level units step by step after that. Bottom Up approach is taken when bottom up development approach is followed. Test Drivers are needed to simulate higher level units which may not be available during the initial phases.

Bottom up integration


Test Basis :

  • Software and system design
  • Architecture
  • Workflows
  • use cases

Test Objective :

  • Sub System
  • Database implementation
  • Infrastructure
  • Interfaces
  • System configuration and configuration data

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